Notes on Genus: Circovirus

icosahedra

Type member: Porcine circovirus-1

Contents

Members of this Genus
General Description
Morphology
Electron Micrograph
Genome
Genus Genomic Organization
Genome Map
Type Member Genomic Organization
Curated Sequences

General Description

The genus Circovirus (from the circular conformation of the DNA) is one of two genera in the family Circoviridae and contains viruses with genomes smaller than 2.2kb that are translated from ORFs in both directions.

Morphology

Virions isometric (icosahedral), not enveloped, 12-21 nm in diameter.

Genome

Monopartite circular single-stranded DNA of 1.7-2.2 kb. The origin of replication contains a nonanucleotide sequence TAGTATTAC at the apex of a stem loop.

Genus Genomic Organization

There are two well-characterised ORFs in all the sequenced viruses. A replication protein (V1) of 33-36 kDa is encoded in the virion (positive sense) and a coat protein (C1) of 19-32 kDa in the negative sense. In most members, one or more additional hypothetical ORFs have been identified.

Type Member Genomic Organization

The two well-characterised ORFs are: