Notes on Genus: Gallantivirus
Type member: Galinsoga mosaic virus
This is one of the genera in the family Tombusviridae
. All the genera are morphologically similar, with icosahedral particles and small, (usually) monopartite ss RNA genomes. The single member of the genus Gallantivirus
resembles members of the genus Alphanecrovirus
in genus organization but it has a larger coat protein with a protuding domain, like those of other membeers of the family. It is most closely related to the genus Macanavirus
but is phylogenetically distinct.
Virions isometric (icosahedral), 28nm in diameter. 32 capsomeres per nucleocapsid.
Monopartite, linear, single stranded positive sense RNA about 3800 nucleotides long. 3' terminus has no poly(A) tract.
Genus Genomic Organization
There are 5 ORFs. ORFs1 and 2 (a readthrough of 1) are believed to be a polymerase. The small ORFs 3 and 4 are probably translated from the larger of two subgenomic RNAs and the coat protein (ORF5) from a smaller subgenomic.
Type Member Genomic Organization
The RNA is translated by means of several open reading frames (ORFs) into 5 products:
|1 ||23 kDa||Replication protein|
|2 ||82 kDa||Polymerase readthrough|
|3 ||8 kDa||Movement protein|
|4 ||7 kDa||Movement protein|
|5 ||37 kDa||Coat protein|