Notes on Genus: Marburgvirus

enveloped filaments
enveloped filaments

Type member: Lake Victoria marburgvirus


General Description

The genus Marburgvirus is one of two genera in the family Filoviridae. It is named after the town of Marburg in Germany where the disease was first recognised. The virions are smaller than those of the genus Ebolavirus and their are minor differences in genome organisation.


Virions pleomorphic but usually filamentous or bacilliform, enveloped, about 80 nm in diameter and 790nm long (although they may appear longer because of aggregation), with small (10 nm) projections.


Monopartite single-stranded negative sense RNA of about 19 kb. There is no genome-linked protein (VPg) at the 5'-terminus nor a 3'-polyA tail.

Genus Genomic Organization

There are 7 major ORFs with the RNA polymerase at the 5'-end of the genome and the capsid nucleoprotein at the 3'-end.

Type Member Genomic Organization

There are 7 major ORFs translated from positive sense template RNAs. They are listed here in their order on the template strand - i.e. from 3' to 5' with respect to the virion strand:
1    NP78 kDa Coat protein (nucleocapsid)
2VP35 36 kDa Phosphoprotein
3VP4034 kDa Matrix protein
4GP 75 kDa Glycoprotein precursor
5VP3032 kDa Virion protein
6VP2429 kDa Virion protein
7L      267 kDa Polymerase