Notes on Genus: Hantavirus
Type member: Hantaan virus
- Members of this Genus
- General Description
- Electron Micrograph
- Genus Genomic Organization
- Genome Map
- Type Member Genomic Organization
- All Known Sequences
- Curated Sequences
General DescriptionThis is one of the four animal virus genera in the family Bunyaviridae. No non-structural proteins have been identified and the coat protein (N gene) is substantially larger than those of the genera Orthobunyavirus or Phlebovirus. The name is derived from the type member, originally isolated from near the Hantaan river, in South Korea.
MorphologyVirions pleomorphic in shape and size, spheroidal and enveloped, 80-110 nm in diameter. 3 filamentous nucleocapsids per envelope, each 200-3000 nm long (depending on arrangement) and 2-2.5 nm in diameter. Symmetry helical.
Virions composed of 1-2 % nucleic acid, over 50 % protein and 20-30 % lipid.
GenomeLinear, tripartite negative sense ssRNA: L (c.6500 nt), M (c.3600 nt) and S (1700-2100 nt).
Genus Genomic OrganizationTranslation of the RNAs produces a polymerase (RNA-L), a protein precursor which is cleaved into two glycoproteins (RNA-M), and the coat protein (RNA-S).
Type Member Genomic OrganizationAll the RNAs are translated from the complementary strand:
- RNA-L produces a single protein (L) of 246.5 kDa (RNA polymerase)
- RNA-M produces a protein precursor of 126.4 kDa, from which two mature proteins are generated:
- Glycoprotein G1 (63.0 kDa)
- Glycoprotein G2 (52.9 kDa)
- RNA-S produces the N (nucleocapsid, or coat protein) protein of 48.1 kDa